Posted on 7.9.17 by Samantha Eaton
It’s no secret that it’s very expensive to get a foot on the property ladder in today’s housing market. Increasing house prices, particularly in London, have highlighted the need for more affordable housing options for aspiring home owners.
Shared Ownership is a scheme designed to help struggling first time buyers, who for one reason or another, aren’t able to raise the capital required to buy their desired house. With the Shared Ownership scheme, you purchase a share of your house or flat (anywhere from 25% – 75% of the property) from a housing association or financial institution; you then pay rent on the remaining share you do not own.
It’s important not to get shared ownership confused with shared equity, which allows buyers to take out a low or no cost equity loan from the government (up to 20% of the purchase) to bolster their deposit in order to get a more favourable mortgage deal.
So what are the primary benefits of shared ownership?
First and foremost, it’s a more affordable way into a very unaffordable housing market. A 10% deposit is still the standard (although a 5% will normally also be accepted), but the value of that 10% deposit is normally lower as it is based on the value of the share being purchased rather than the value of the property. Also, the combined cost of the mortgage and reduced rent combined is usually cheaper than renting or paying a full mortgage.
As the property is a leasehold, you won’t be on your own when it comes to maintenance and repairs. In the majority of cases the landlord will be responsible for the repair and maintenance of the property whilst you are renting a portion, however once you purchase the freehold/100% you will then become responsible for the costs of the repairs and maintenance – unless it is a flat in which case the landlord is normally responsible for the repairs and maintenance of the structure of the property.
If my financial situation improves, can I purchase a larger share of the property?
Yes, depending on the terms of your lease, once you have lived in the property for a certain period of time, you have the option to gradually increase your share of the property until you own it outright (if you choose to go this high), this process is called ‘staircasing’. You can do this one of 3 ways:
- Paying for the increased share in cash
- Borrowing more from your current lender, or;
- Taking out a bigger mortgage from a new lender and use the money to pay off your current mortgage and use the left over funds to purchase the extra share.
Additional shares of your property are purchased at a price equal to the relevant proportion of the current market value of the property. You will need to obtain a valuation from a Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) accredited surveyor (this is important, a valuation from a surveyor who isn’t a member of the RICS will be void).
Staircasing involves changes to your existing lease so you will need to instruct a solicitor so that you are ready to act when you receive the valuation report (the valuation report will be valid for three months). If you use the solicitor who originally dealt with your purchase as they will most likely have a lot of your details regarding your property already.
What to watch out for…
With Shared Ownership, there are likely to be restrictions when it comes to subletting. In the majority of cases, renting is not allowed and even if you are, it will typically only be allowed for short periods of time.
As all shared ownership properties are leasehold, there are likely to be restrictions in the lease when it comes to making any structural alterations to your home, in some cases the lease will require you to ask permission for redecorating as well.
When you decide to sell your home it can get a complicated, you should always notify the social landlord of your intention to sell. The Landlord (or ex-Landlord at that time) are likely to have the buy-back/first refusal right for a period of time after staircasing to 100%. But if you own less than 100% the landlord generally has the right to nominate a purchaser (some social landlords will have an applications list and they work down this, others invite applications).
If your housing provider fails to find a buyer over a period of time (this is normally 8 weeks from being notified of your intention to sell), you are then free to market your share of the property yourself or through an estate agent. However any potential buyer will need to fulfil the housing association’s eligibility criteria for Shared Ownership, as a result your pool of potential buyers will be reduced.
If you’re considering Shared Ownership, we have a team of residential property experts who will be able to guide you through the process. Give us a call today on 0161 930 5151 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org and we will be able to give you a fixed fee quote.